Differences between cashmere and pashmina
The cashmere is a fiber obtained from certain races of goats. Thanks to the cold temperature in the height, the wool produced by the goats of cashmere is one of the finest, softest and solid texture in the world. Although real cashmere, produced from goats of the Himalayan region is the reference in wool, the cashmere can be produced in various regions of the world and with varied races of goats. Only the dry temperature of the mountainous high plateaus allow a real softness of the wool, thats why there are several quality of cashmere.
The pashmina, word derived from Pashm which means "wool" in Persian is a finer variant of the wool of cashmere. The real cashmere pashmina is exclusively produced in the ancestral regions, that is Central Asia. The native goats of the race changthangi, also known as pashmina goats produce an extremely fine fleece in winter to protect itself from icy temperatures, the scarves, shawls and stoles obtained by this cashmere wool is called pashmina.
Where cashmere comes from - Kashmir region
Although the cashmere is produced in the United States, in Europe or even in the Middle East today, the real cashmere can only be collected in Himalayan regions, including North India, Tibet and Nepal. The pashmina of the Nepal turns out to be of the best quality because the goats adapted themselves to the rough climate for several centuries, the wool obtained is one of the warmest and softest throughout the world. To protect the Controlled Origin Label, pashmina of Nepal must be delivered with a certificate guaranteeing the quality of the pashmina "Changra Pashmina".
Creating a pashmina with cashmere wool
Manufacturing a shawl in cashmere is a complex and long process, the collect of cashmere being only made in spring / summer, the best quality of the cashmere is the one which is only taken from the neck and the stomach of the goat. Its in this place that grows the most solft and solid fiber characterizing the cashmere wool, every hair is about a diameter of 15 thousandth of millimeter, that makes it the finest fiber of the world. One goat of cashmere produces approximately 100 to 200 grams of cashmere wool per year, it takes between 7 and 10 goats for a large-sized cashmere pashmina material.
To produce a pashmina, goats living in more than 4000 m height is brushed to extract the longest and most silky hairs from it, then fibers are sorted out and cleaned by hand. The hairs of pashmina goats are brougt from the Himalaya in the valley by caravan. Hairs are then spun with hands and then weaved on a wooden spun following the ancestral tradition.
The obtained material is then of the color of goat, which is white, workers then tint the white cloth with natural colors, in big buckets of water with natural colouring agent. Only the Nepalese, the Tibetans and the other peoples of the region know these ancient techniques, today many countries begin to use machines for this work, the result is much less pleasant.
How to wash cashmere - Maintain advices
Cashmere is a delicate material, you should treat it carefully. For a machine wash, it is recommended to put the garment or the scarf in a special cover lingerie or even in a pillowcase. You should wash your cashmere if possible with a cold wash, in a delicate program. The best way to clean your cashmere is to hand wash it, or if possible give your cashmere for dry-cleaning.
If you decide to hand wash, do not leave the cashmere in the water for too long, use washing powder for wool or some shampoo. For the drying, do not twist the fabric, prefer to dry it in a natural way or by pressing it in a dry towel.